Plantar fasciitis is a common foot condition that causes pain in the bottom of the heel and arch area. The plantar fascia is a weblike ligament that connects your heel to the ball of your foot and acts as a shock absorber and support of the arch of your foot.
Abnormal stress and strain on the plantar fascia cause pain and inflammation, primarily at its origin on the heel bone.
Pain from plantar fasciitis typically develops gradually over time, however, sudden injury and tearing to the plantar fascia is possible.
The pain is usually worse in the morning when you take your first steps out of bed and subsequently after sitting for a prolonged period.
Additionally, prolonged weight-bearing activity can cause flare-ups due to increased irritation or inflammation. Pain is usually felt in these instances after the activity rather than during it.
You are at a greater risk of developing plantar fasciitis if you:
have an active job where you are often on your feet, such as a sales or service job or working on a hard factory floor.
have structural foot issues, such as high arches or flat feet.
often wear shoes with poor arch support.
Treatment varies for the individual based on the cause of this condition. It can range at first from ice, improved footwear, and arch supports/orthotics to injections and physical therapy, and more, based upon the diagnosis and advice of your medical professional.